- new structuralism, new structuralistsThe label given in the United States to researchers who, from about 1980 onwards, examined how processes of occupational attainment were influenced by structural constraints such as those imposed by segmented labour markets , occupational segregation , and the operation of the dual economy . This literature covers the same terrain as the status-attainment programme, but from an explicitly critical standpoint, since it emphasizes the ways in which certain features of economic systems and formal organizations enhance or constrain the distribution of opportunities for particular categories of people. For example, from this point of view, the over-representation of some ethnic minorities in poor (badly paid, unskilled, insecure) jobs is viewed as a consequence of processes involving discrimination -rather than as a consequence of the failure, on the part of the victims, to invest in the human capital necessary for occupational success. One of the hallmark articles is’s ‘Bringing the Firms Back In: Stratification, Segmentation, and the Organization of Work’ (American Sociological Review, 1980), but the boundaries of the movement are difficult to draw precisely, since they are often stretched to include (for example) the neo-Marxist theory of contradictory class locations formulated by Erik Olin Wright.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
New Structuralism — Als New Structuralism (selten Neuer Strukturalismus) bezeichnet man eine Forschungsentwicklung der 1980er Jahre in der Organisationsforschung, die, wie in früheren theoretischen Betrachtungen, die strukturelle Bedingungen von Organisationen auf… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Structuralism (philosophy of mathematics) — Structuralism is a theory in the philosophy of mathematics that holds that mathematical theories describe structures, and that mathematical objects are exhaustively defined by their place in such structures, consequently having no intrinsic… … Wikipedia
STRUCTURALISM — Structuralism is a critical theory that became dominant for a short time in the 1970s and 1980s. Because it was partly a reaction to New Criticism, it reevaluated forms of literature and art previously considered non art, such as Westerns. By… … Westerns in Cinema
New Criticism — was a movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century. It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self contained, self … Wikipedia
New rhetorics — is an interdisciplinary field  approaching for the broadening of classical rhetorical cannon. The New Rhetoric is a result of various efforts of bringing back rhetorics from the marginal status  it attained by its image and negative… … Wikipedia
structuralism — noun a method of interpretation and analysis of human cognition, behaviour, culture, and experience, which focuses on relationships of contrast between elements in a conceptual system. Derivatives structuralist noun & adjective … English new terms dictionary
Structuralism (french) and after — French structuralism and after De Saussure, Lévi Strauss, Barthes, Lacan, Foucault Hugh J.Silverman FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE The history of structuralism cannot be thought without Ferdinand de Saussure (1857– 1913). The Swiss linguist lecturing in… … History of philosophy
Structuralism — For the use of structuralism in biology, see Structuralism (biology) Structuralism is an approach to the human sciences that attempts to analyze a specific field (for instance, mythology) as a complex system of interrelated parts. It began in… … Wikipedia
Structuralism (architecture) — [ Aldo van Eyck and Hannie van Eyck, 1989] Structuralism as a movement in architecture and urban planning evolved around the middle of the 20th century. It was a reaction to CIAM Functionalism (Rationalism), which had led to a sterile expression… … Wikipedia
structuralism — At the most general level the term is used loosely in sociology to refer to any approach which regards social structure (apparent or otherwise) as having priority over social action. More specifically, however, it refers to a particular… … Dictionary of sociology